Rotary Members Attend Rural-Urban Day, Learn About Australian Fruit Farming
More than 50 area residents learned more about the challenges facing fruit farmers in the Melbourne area of Australia during a discussion led by Frederick Johnson Jr. during the Rotary Club of Westfield-Mayville’s Rural-Urban Day special program.
Area high school students, some school staff and agricultural community members were invited as guests. Including Rotarians, 49 people were in attendance.
Johnson, owner and vineyard manager of Johnson Estate Winery in Westfield, had visited Australia from Feb. 25 to Mar. 19, 2017, as a member of the Rotary District 7090 Vocational Training Team. Other team members included Tom O’Neill, team leader, Torrie Warner and Brian Kerry. Their trip was sponsored by the Rotary Foundation and Rotary District 7090. The group was selected through an application and committee selection process. Their hosts were members of the Rotary District 9790 in Australia.
The Rural-Urban Day program was co-sponsored by Janese Berkhouse, club president, and Mary Swanson, club president-elect. Also, Dan Smith, Rotary District 7090 Vocational Training Team chair and Rotary Club of Westfield-Mayville Youth Services chair, briefly explained the purpose of the project.
“This VTT was very successful in its interaction of our Canadian and US members with their Australian hosts in the many venues and contacts in the Goulburn Valley, their fruit growing region,” Smith said. “Both our Rotary District 7090 and the Australian Rotary District 9790 benefitted greatly by sharing experiences with production methods, pest control, economics, labor and marketing issues. Our Rotary District 7090 will host the Australian VTT for several weeks in late May to early June 2018 in order to continue the relationships and sharing of fruit farming experiences.”
“This past February and March, I was fortunate enough to be selected to a four-person Vocational Training Team sponsored by The Rotary Foundation,” Johnson said. “We visited the largest fruit growing region in Australia (and significant wine region as well). The team was selected from our local Rotary District 7090, which includes the fruit belt of Southern Ontario. My three teammates were experienced fruit growers and marketers from Canada. We were hosted by local Australian families and spent three weeks visiting all sorts of agricultural establishments in the Murray River basin of northern Victoria State. From research institutions to high tech, valley-wide irrigation systems, fruit markets, packing houses and large, well kept orchards, we were warmly welcomed to a vigorous and interesting tour and information exchange. During this coming May and June, we will be welcoming a similar VTT group from that very same Rotary District in Australia to our Rotary District 7090 here in Western New York and Southern Ontario. I look forward to helping make the team members’ stay every bit as productive and pleasant as ours was Down Under.”
Johnson and his team traveled through 12 different time zones and went two seasons away to reach Wangratta, which is about two hours outside of Melbourne in Victoria State, Australia. The area is on about the same latitude as Washington, D.C. When it is November here, the climate there is like a typical Chautauqua County May. Winter temperatures there range from highs in the 60s to lows in the 30s.
“Australia is by far the oldest continent on our planet. Its soils are about 250 million years old, while ours are about 15,000 years old,” Johnson said. The soil of the many fruit farms we visited consisted of very hard tan clay. Because the region is very arid, irrigation systems made of drip tubes are everywhere. The Murray River basin is Australia’s fruit basket. This river is like our Mississippi River. The Murray River provides most of the water for growing crops. Fruits grown there include peaches, kiwis, cherries, pomegranates, apples, pears, grapes and even lemons and limes on the higher elevations. Hail nets are put over the pear orchards to keep flying foxes (bats) out of the orchards.”
He also noted that if there is sufficient water, the farmers are able to grow two rounds of crops per year. Their fruits are exported to China and northern markets. In addition to many fruit farms in the area, there were some big livestock farms.
“Because the climate is so arid,” Johnson said, “crop diseases, such as fire blight on pears, are not prevalent. As in our area, the invasive species of the Phylloxera bug does affect some of the grape crops, particularly old-world wine grapes, but it is not as widespread there.”
He added that in general Australia has various quarantine facilities around the country. The team visited one outside of Melbourne that not only checked plants, but also kept livestock.
Johnson said that similar to Chautauqua County, farmers there have the big challenge of getting sufficient workers to help on the farms, which is made more difficult because Australia is an island. Workers are flown in from Indonesia, Taiwan, Malaysia and other places. The workers must obtain a six-month visa to be employed on the farms, and must check out at the end of their stay. The minimum hourly wage there is Australian $17, which is about $15 in the United States.
Johnson also said in Australia landholders have a deed of occupancy. The “Crown” owns the mineral and water rights, and it has the right of passage. The farmers there are against “fracking,” not for environmental reasons, but because they do not own the mineral rights to the land. Basically, they would get nothing out of it except bulldozer tracks on their land.
The area the team visited was the Goulburn Valley wine region, which stretches from Seymour to Echuca on the Murray River. Wine production began in this region during the 1860s during the Gold Rush. Participants visited numerous tasting rooms and wineries, including the Tahbilk Winery, which was founded in 1861. Tourists to this area may take steam boat rides to the various wineries. These former work vessels are wood-fired steam boats.